Gout is among the most common etiologies of inflammatory arthritis, affecting approximately 1%-6.8% of individuals worldwide as of 2020. Gout is caused by hyperuricemia, generally due to the overproduction or renal underexcretion of uric acid. The presence of monosodium urate monohydrate crystals in joints, soft tissue, and bones may result in an acute attack flare, chronic gout, or tophaceous gout.
The prevalence and incidence of gout is rising worldwide, probably due to the increase in obesity and associated comorbidities. Although effective treatment options are available, gout is often poorly managed. Successful management aims to prevent recurrent gout flares, tophi, and progressive joint damage with drug therapy, lifestyle modification, and strategies for risk reduction.
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Cite this: Bruce M. Rothschild. Fast Five Quiz: Gout Management - Medscape - Aug 16, 2022.