Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease encompassing inflammatory demyelination with axonal transection. According to the Multiple Sclerosis International Federation, as of 2020, there were 2.8 million people living with MS worldwide. Further, approximately 1 million people in the United States are living with MS. In most cases, MS presents during young adulthood; within 20-25 years, significant physical disability ensues in > 30% of cases. MS attacks or exacerbations are characterized by symptoms that reflect central nervous system (CNS) involvement (eg, paresthesias, optic neuritis, and trigeminal neuralgia). The presence of symptomatic episodes separated in time and space, that is, occurring months or years apart and affecting different anatomic locations, is a diagnostic requirement.
How familiar are you with the diagnosis and workup of MS? Test your knowledge with this quick quiz.
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Cite this: Christopher Luzzio. Fast Five Quiz: Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosis and Workup - Medscape - Nov 22, 2022.