Research indicates that coffee consumption has been associated with a reduced risk of developing prostate cancer. Coffee has molecular mechanisms that aid in this role, including its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
Vitamin E supplements may increase prostate cancer risk. Although early research indicated that vitamin E or selenium might reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer, the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial, which was conducted by the National Institutes of Health and included more than 35,000 men, found that men who consumed 400 IU of vitamin E daily experienced a 17% increase in prostate cancer compared with men who received placebo.
High calcium intake is associated with advanced prostate cancer. Research has also shown that folic acid supplements do not significantly affect the risk of developing prostate cancer.
Learn more about prostate cancer risk factors.
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Cite this: Bradley Schwartz. Fast Five Quiz: Prostate Cancer Practice Essentials - Medscape - Apr 19, 2023.