Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an idiopathic cardiomyopathy with heart failure secondary to left ventricular systolic dysfunction that presents in patients toward the end of pregnancy or postpartum where no other cause of heart failure is identified. Various definitions of PPCM have been used, which may affect the reported incidence of PPCM. PPCM incidence is highly variable by geographic region, ranging from 1 in 102 to 1 in 4000 live births. However, many cases may be unrecognized, and thus, the true incidence may not be known. Risk factors for PPCM include African ancestry, hypertension, multi-gestational pregnancies, and older maternal age. The signs and symptoms of PPCM can mimic those of normal pregnancy, resulting in diagnostic delay and preventable complications.
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Cite this: Bhavadharini Ramu. Fast Five Quiz: Presentation and Diagnosis of Peripartum Cardiomyopathy - Medscape - Jul 05, 2023.